How do diamond and graphite differ from each other?

Graphite and diamond are two of the most interesting minerals. They are identical chemically – both are composed of carbon (C), but physically, they are very different. … Graphite is very soft and has a hardness of 1 to 2 on this scale. Diamonds are the hardest known natural substance and have a hardness of 10.

What are 5 differences between diamond and graphite?

Difference between diamond and graphite.

The p-Block Elements.

Diamond Graphite
4. It has huge three dimensional network structure. 4. It has two dimensional sheet like structure.
5. It does not possess any lustre 5. It a has metallic lustre.
6. It a has very high melting point. 6. It has low metling point.

What are three differences between graphite and diamond?

Diamond is an electrical insulator while graphite is a good conductor of electricity. Diamond is usually transparent, but graphite is opaque. Diamond is obviously far more valuable than graphite. Graphite is so inexpensive that it is used to make pencil lead.

Why do diamond and graphite differ in their properties?

The differing properties of carbon and diamond arise from their distinct crystal structures. In a diamond, the carbon atoms are arranged tetrahedrally. … This accounts for diamond’s hardness, extraordinary strength and durability and gives diamond a higher density than graphite (3.514 grams per cubic centimeter).

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How do diamond and graphite differ in their structure Class 10?

But they differ in their structures. In diamond, all the four valence electrons of carbon atom are involved in the covalent bond formation with the electrons of neighbouring carbon atoms. In graphite, only three electrons participate in the bond formation while the fourth electron is free.

How does diamond and graphite differ in terms of electrical conductivity and hardness?

Graphite, for example, has a melting point of more than 3,600°C. Variable electrical conductivity – diamond does not conduct electricity, whereas graphite contains free electrons so it does conduct electricity. Silicon is a semi-conductor – it is midway between non-conductive and conductive.